Nét Đẹp Thiếu Nữ Việt Nam

Nét Đẹp Thiếu Nữ Việt Nam Trong Tranh Họa Sĩ Nguyễn Quốc Dũng

Nguyễn Quốc Dũng sinh năm 1959 tại Hà Nội. Ông tốt nghiệp Đại học Mỹ Thuật công nghiệp vào năm 1984. Từ năm 1989-1992 ông là họa sĩ công ty tem Việt Nam. Quốc Dũng là họa sĩ tự do. Ông thực hiện nhiều triển lãm được công chúng đón nhận như: Triển lãm cá nhân “Duyên xưa”, “Nhng tm lòng” tại Hà Nội (2003 – 2004), “Nắng tháng ba” (2008), triển lãm“Duyên xưa 2″ tại Lotus Gallery, Saigon (2005), triển lãm cá nhân “Nhớ” tại Tự Do Gallery, Saigon (2010).

Ông còn tham gia một số triển lãm nghệ thuật tại nước ngoài và có tranh nằm trong các bộ sưu tập tại Pháp, Mỹ, Nhật, Singapore.

Ngoài hội họa, Nguyễn Quốc Dũng còn đam mê nhiếp ảnh. Ông tham gia và đoạt giải một số cuộc thi ảnh toàn quốc và quốc tế.

Nguyen Quoc Dung was born in 1959, Hanoi, Vietnam.  He graduated from Hanoi College of Industrial Fine Arts in 1984. From 1989 until 1992 he was an official painter at the Vietnam Stamp Company, where he could exercise his talent for colour and precision. Quoc Dung is an independent artist.  Dung’s exhibitions, including 2005, 2008, 2010 solo exhibitions in Saigon and 2003-2004 in Hanoi, were well received and praised by many art critics. His delicate sense of light and shadow makes him one of the few modern exponents of the traditional Vermeer/Ingres spiritual movement. His works can be found in many private collections in the United States, Europe and Asia.

The Establishment of Vietnamese Fine Arts

1925-1945:  The Establishment of the Fine Art College of Indochine

1995 marks the 70th year of existence of Vietnamese painting. From 1925 to 1945, the first epoch of the history of Vietnamese painting coincides with the history of the Fine Arts College of Indochina (FACI) because it was that college which created conditions for the birth and development, vigorous until now, of Vietnamese painting. The principal promoter of the programme concerning the fine arts was Victor Tardieu (1870-1937) and Josheph Inguimberty (1896-1971).

Victor Tardieu was a painter having profound knowledge of Oriental art. His oil paintings were extremely simple in form and quite tasteful in colors, their presentation reflected spaciousness, laying emphasis on the general composition. While Le Pho, Mai Trung Thu, Vu Cao Dam, Le Thi Luu  were influenced by Tardieu and always kept good memory of the first solid steps laid by the later to allow them to advance still further. To Ngoc Van, Nguyen Gia Tri, Tran Van Can, Luu Van Sin were inclined to Inguimberty’s side. From the beginning, To Ngoc Van was among the openairists with his canvas Offerings realized in the impressionist way. Tran Van Can is to be mentioned with his canvas Little Thuy in the style of the portraits by Vermeer de Delft, a Dutch painter, pure but solid, carefully done and refined. These were works realized in the open air or in front of models in natural light and colours.

Before 1925, all Vietnamese painters had no clear conception of painting. They joined the FACI with the sincere confidence and the deep and burning aspiration to rapidly attain the Beautiful of which they had only a vague but so captivating imagination. Within 20 years (1925-1945) Vietnamese painters had engaged in the search for a model in ancient or modern times, in the West or the East. They approached the Schools of European painting at the beginning of the 20th century: fauvism, cubism, symbolism, expressionnism, surrealism, futurism, abstractionnism. And only those who could assimilate European painting and had moral and material conditions were capable of ensuring the continuous development of national art. To Ngoc Van, Nguyen Gia Tri, Tran Van Can, Nguyen Tuong Lan, Nguyen Tien Chung, Luu Van Sin and later Nguyen Tu Nghiem, Nguyen Sang, Bui Xuan Phai, Nguyen Sy Ngoc, ect, belong to this class of painters.

1945-1954: Painters volunteer to fight for national salvation

1945. The Revolution had awaken the national sense and at the same time political consciousness among the Vietnamese artists. A movement among the artists to support the Viet Minh gained ground in Hanoi with uncommon speed.

The national exhibition solemnly organized at the Municipal Theater of Hanoi in August 1946 gathered the works of various genres by the patriotic artists of Vietnam: oil painting, pumice lacquer, gouache, water color, wood cutting, most of them treating subjects relating to the struggle of Vietnam for a new life. In 1948, after three years of war, the second national exhibition of fine arts was organized in a forest of palm trees (Xuan Ang village, Phu Tho province) with about 100 pictures, including silks, wood engravings, propaganda drawings. The Third Exhibition was organized in Chiem Hoa, on the occasion of the anniversary of the day of national resistance.

During the 9-year war of resistance against the enemy, Vietnamese painters ceaselessly manifested their sense of responsibility to ward history. Prompted by revolutionary optimism and confident in the victory of independence and freedom, all the combatants who on their own will stood on the cultural and artists front had overcome with courage the difficulties of the war to put their art at the service of their people and their fatherland.

1954- 1995: From socialist realism to the-after war multiform tendency

1954. The 5th National Exhibition of Fine Arts was solemnly organized at the municipal theater of Hanoi, on the occasion of the victory festival. It was an also opportunity to review the nine years of painting during the resistance war. But the sacrifice of To Ngoc Van, killed during the resistance, was considered a big loss for Vietnamese painting that nothing could compensate.

At the moment of victory, returning to the capital there were only about thirty or forty painters from all parts of the country. The Fine Arts College of Vietnam urgently founded as early as 1955 to train new painters, was placed under the direction of Tran Van Can. In the meantime, in the South, on Dec.31,1954, painter Le Van De set up the National Fine Arts College of Saigon, with collaborators the majority of whom having graduated from the Fine Arts College of Indochina: Nguyen Van Long, U Van An, Nguyen Van Anh, Nguyen Van Que and painters returning from France, like Duong Van Den, Bui Van Kinh. During its twenty years of existence, the National Fine Arts College of Saigon had produced renowned painters: Nguyen Trung, Nguyen Phuoc, Do Quang Em, Ho Huu Thu, Co Tan Long Chau, Nguyen Thi Tam, Nguyen Trung Tin, Nguyen Tan Cuong. After 1975, the National Fine Arts College of Saigon merged with the National Decorative Arts School of Gia Dinh to become the Fine Arts College of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), now the Fine Arts University of HCM City.

Though embracing the theme of working-class by French  realist artists such as Fougeron, Amblard and Taslitzky and by Italian atitsts Pizzinato, Trecani and Guttuso, the young Vietnamese painters have identified themselves as progressive realist artists.

By The Hanoi Fine Arts Publisher

Born 1976 in Bac Giang Province, Vietnam
1998 Graduated from Hanoi Institute of Industrial Fine Art

2000 National Fine Arts Museum Exhibition
2001 Oil Painting Exhibition of Young Hanoi artists
2003 Group exhibition by 4 young artists – Hanoi City
2004 National Young Artists Exhibition – Hanoi
2004 Participated in the “New Vision” group exhibition by Vietnamese – Hanoi
2005 Solo exhibition “New sign” – Hanoi
2006 Participated in the workshop “Vietnam Today” of Vietnamese in Hanoi
2007 Solo exhibition at Nguyen Art Gallery, Hanoi, Vietnam
2009 Solo Exhibition “Hanoi Ancient & New”

Le Huong artworks being collected in individual collections in England, Italy, Spain, UK , Australia,  France, USA.

History of Vietnamese Fine Arts

Vietnam Fine Arts began when the French colonialists established the “Fine Arts College of Indochine” (FACI) which exclusively opened for the three Indochine countries Viet Nam,Laos and Cambodia following an allaround European training method.

A few Vietnamese intellectuals including artists such as To Ngoc Van, Tran Van Can, Nguyen Do Cung, Phan Ke An, Luong Xuan Nhi followed the  patriotic insurrection general resistance against the French (1954),  formed a new group and detached themselves from the original group of famous  artists such as Nguyen Gia Tri, Le Ba Dang, Le Pho, Mai Trung Thu, and Le Thi Luu.

The year 1954 was marked by Dien Bien Phu Victory and Viet Nam was temporarily devided into two regions, North and South, according to the Geneva Argreement. While North Viet Nam undertook the establishment of a socialist system,  in the South, the First Republic of South Vietnam was established . In accordance with the Geneva Agreement’s consents, many intellectuals regrouped in the North and South. This event caused a tragic seperation of Viet Nam Fine Arts.

In North of Vietnam, Nguyen Sang, Bui Xuan Phai, Duong Bich Lien, Luu Cong Nhan, Nguyen Tu Nghiem and several young generation artists with different training techniques and methods, developed their unique characters and art works. In South Viet Nam, Nguyen Trung, Dinh Cuong, Nguyen Lam, Nguyen Phuoc, Nguyen Khai, Nhieu De  soared towards individualistic style and innovation.

In 1975, when the war ended, Viet Nam became a unified country. However, for the next 15 years, Vietnamese Fine Arts remained with clear distinction of  Northern and Southern art cultures.  In the mid-1990’s, a new wave of  artists with brilliant creative styles began to embrace modern art and traditional inheritance as their distinctive marks at international exhibitions .

Vietnam Fine Arts bear the seal of an agricultural tradition, attaching to the community life of small villages with the influence of Confucianism. Thus, one can hardly find any new trends or thoughts except those coming from the outside world. It’s not to say that contemporary and modern art doesn’t exist in Vietnam but one must admit that it lacks the monumental works with philosophical uniqueness.

If brief, Vietnamese Art represents a quiet beauty and simplicity of Vietnamese people with a long history of wars and economic struggles.

Artist: Le Thiet Cuong
– 1962: Born in Hanoi, Vietnam
– 1990: Graduated from the Vietnam State Film College in Hanoi

Solo Exhibitions:
– 1991: “The Pastoral” in Hanoi
– 1995: “The Quiet Part” in Hong Kong and Singapore
– 1997: “The Changing Eye” in Hong Kong and Singapore
– 1998: “Vietnam today” in Zurich, Switzerland

Group Exhibition:
– 1996: “Vietnam-Contemporary Art” in Germany
– 1997: “View of Contemporary Art” in Vintiane, Laos
– 1997: “From the Red river to Mekong” in Vietnam and Paris
– 1998: Exhibition in International Center Washington, USA
– 1998: “Lanima soffocata” Bassano del Grappa, Italy
– 1998: “3 Contemporary Vietnamese Artist” in London, England
– 1999: Exhibition in Swizeland, London, German
– 2000: Exhibition in Hong Kong and Japan
– 2003: Exhibition in Singapore.